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開自進料混凝土攪拌車有哪些經驗呢?
來源:http://www.wtiqradio.com發布日期:2021-05-17   瀏覽量:
 
開自進料混凝土攪拌車該注意什么?有些什么開攪拌車的經驗?可能很多人會有這樣的疑問,特別是剛入行的新手司機們。小編一直致力于為各位“砼行”們排憂解難,于是特地整理了一些開自進料攪拌車的實用經驗:
What should be paid attention to when driving self feeding concrete mixer? What's your experience in driving a mixer? Maybe a lot of people have such questions, especially new drivers. Xiaobian has always been committed to solving problems for all the "concrete workers", so he specially sorted out some practical experience of driving self feeding mixer truck
一、出車前注意檢查
1、 Check before driving
1、細心檢查及時發現排除故障。
1. Check carefully, find and remove the fault in time.
千萬不能重車壞在路上,否則出現悶罐就麻煩了,混凝土一般停罐不能超過2個小時,C40往上級別的混凝土基本就不能停。
Do not break down on the road with heavy vehicles, otherwise it will be troublesome to have a stuffy tank. Generally, the concrete tank can't be stopped for more than 2 hours, and the C40 concrete can't be stopped basically.
點火之前先檢查機油、防凍液、潤滑油和冷卻水等,發現不足時,應重新進行添加。
Before ignition, check the engine oil, antifreeze, lubricating oil and cooling water, and add them again if insufficient.
車子啟動后,再讓罐子低速旋轉,圍繞著車檢查輪胎氣壓,是否有漏氣的胎,再用螺絲刀剔掉在胎縫里的石子,檢查是否有鐵釘之類扎在胎里!
After the car starts, let the can rotate at a low speed, around the car to check the tire pressure, whether there is a leaking tire, and then use a screwdriver to remove the stones in the seam of the tire, and check whether there are iron nails stuck in the tire!
自進料混凝土攪拌車
再檢查燈光,尤其是腰燈,務必保證照著輪胎邊緣,工地會經常亂堆放鋼筋之類的東西,而胎側是薄弱的。
Check the lights, especially the waist lights, to make sure that they shine on the edge of the tire. The construction site will often pile up things like steel bars, and the sidewall is weak.
用抹布擦干凈兩邊的后視鏡,窗戶玻璃,工地路況復雜,光線不好,視線一定要首先保證!
Clean both sides of the rear-view mirror and window glass with a rag. The road condition of the construction site is complex and the light is not good. The line of sight must be guaranteed first!
再檢查燈光,尤其是腰燈,務必保證照著輪胎邊緣,工地會經常亂堆放鋼筋之類的東西,而胎側是薄弱的。
Check the lights, especially the waist lights, to make sure that they shine on the edge of the tire. The construction site will often pile up things like steel bars, and the sidewall is weak.
用抹布擦干凈兩邊的后視鏡,窗戶玻璃,工地路況復雜,光線不好,視線一定要首先保證!
Clean both sides of the rear-view mirror and window glass with a rag. The road condition of the construction site is complex and the light is not good. The line of sight must be guaranteed first!
2、保證水箱里有足夠的水,有減水劑。
2. Make sure there is enough water in the water tank and water reducer.
因各種原因料太干,沒有水添加放不出料的時候,減水劑就是救命稻草了,要不然悶罐就等著一萬大洋吧。
Due to various reasons, the material is too dry. When there is no water to add and discharge the material, the water reducing agent is the life-saving straw. Otherwise, the pot will be waiting for ten thousand ocean.
3、確認攪拌罐處于停止狀態。
3. Confirm that the mixing tank is stopped.
因為發動機啟動時萬一罐子處于高速旋轉狀態,瞬間的力會很大的,傷減速機。
Because when the engine starts, in case the can is in a high-speed rotating state, the instantaneous force will be great, which will damage the reducer.
二、裝料時記得清潔
2、 Remember to clean when loading
1、裝料前應先將攪拌筒反轉。
1. The mixing drum should be reversed before loading.
特別車輛是露天停放,有下雨,要先把罐里的積水可能的樹葉之類的雜物排出,以免影響混凝土質量。
Especially when the vehicle is parked in the open air, if it rains, the accumulated water in the tank should be drained out first, so as not to affect the concrete quality.
2、裝完料要記得沖洗進料斗。
2. Remember to flush the hopper after loading.
洗完后要關掉水箱進氣口,打開水箱排氣口排掉氣體,因為氣壓下,水管連接不好的地方,容易滲水,影響其他車輛的安 全。
After washing, turn off the air inlet of the water tank and open the air outlet of the water tank to drain the gas, because under the pressure, the water pipe is not well connected, which is easy to seep, affecting the safety of other vehicles.
再次檢查輪胎的石子鐵釘,因為停車時輪胎與地面接觸的地方是檢查不到的。
Check the stones and iron nails of the tire again, because the contact between the tire and the ground can't be detected when parking.
三、行車中一定要慢
3、 Be sure to drive slowly
1、拐彎的時候一定要慢。
1. Make sure you slow down when you turn the corner.
攪拌車重 心高,易側翻!入彎之前提前減速減擋,盡量別拐彎的時候踩剎車。隨時通過后視鏡注意觀察罐子是否在轉,把轉速盡量調慢,轉速過高,車輛容易擺動。
High center of gravity, easy to roll! Slow down and downshift in advance before entering the corner. Try not to step on the brake when turning. Always observe whether the can is rotating through the rear-view mirror, and try to slow down the speed. If the speed is too high, the vehicle is easy to swing.
傾斜角大的路段停下罐,滿載料時走到傾斜角度大的路段,先把罐停住。攪拌車本來重 心就高,停止罐體的轉動有利于保持車輛的平穩性。
Stop the tank at the section with large inclination angle. When the tank is fully loaded, stop the tank at the section with large inclination angle. The center of gravity of the mixer is high, so stopping the rotation of the tank is conducive to maintaining the stability of the vehicle.
2、爛路用合適低速擋通過。
2. The bad road passes in a proper low gear.
遇到路面不平,坑坑洼洼地方用合適的低速擋通過,保證車隨時有爆發力。木板,尖石子一定要避讓,尤其重車!
In case of uneven road surface and potholes, use appropriate low gear to ensure the explosive power of the car at any time. Boards and sharp stones must be avoided, especially heavy vehicles!
3、上坡是提前減檔。
3. Upslope is downshifting ahead of time.
如果拉得滿的話,注意起步要平緩,上坡更要注意,不能亂減檔,提前減檔。而且加快灌子的轉速,已免混凝土流出。
If it's full, pay attention to start gently, and pay more attention to uphill. Don't downshift disorderly, downshift ahead of time. And speed up the speed of the pouring, has prevented concrete outflow.
4、下坡切勿重車空擋滑行。
4. When going downhill, do not slide in neutral with heavy vehicles.
長時間行駛或者下坡前都要習慣的測試一下剎車。切勿重車空擋滑行下坡,下坡拐彎時提前減速再減擋再減速,帶擋剎車效果好。
Before driving for a long time or going downhill, you should get used to testing the brake. Don't slide downhill in neutral gear with heavy vehicles. When turning downhill, slow down ahead of time, then reduce gear, and then slow down again. The braking effect with gear is good.
5、一定要注意限高問題。
5. We must pay attention to the problem of height limit.
工地路況復雜,要小心樹木等,特別是要防止刮到電線。
The road condition of the construction site is complex, so it is necessary to be careful of trees, especially to prevent the electric wires from scraping.
四、進工地多查多看
4、 Check and see more when you enter the construction site
1、進工地時盡量走路中間。
1. Try to walk in the middle when entering the construction site.
工地道路簡易,路基松軟,現在攪拌車都做到20多方了,靠近路邊,道路容易被壓塌方了,導致車輛側翻。
The road on the construction site is simple, and the subgrade is soft. Now the mixer truck has done more than 20 ways. Close to the roadside, the road is easy to collapse, leading to vehicle rollover.
2、提前下車查看倒車線路。
2. Get off ahead of time to check the reversing line.
攪拌車多半是晚上工作,到了工地后,先下車拿電筒,查看倒車路線,那里有障礙物,有坑或者比較松軟的地方,都得記著,遇到鋼筋釘子之內的及時清理。
Mixer mostly works in the evening. When you get to the construction site, get out of the car to get a flashlight and check the reversing route. If there are obstacles, pits or soft places, you have to remember to clean up in time when you encounter steel nails.
3、在倒車的時候一定要慢。
3. Be sure to slow down when reversing.
別總是把頭伸出窗外,要看著兩邊后視鏡一起兼顧,實在不確定就停車看清楚再倒,好多路面是挖掘機剛剛鋪的比較軟,車容易陷。
Don't always stick your head out of the window. Look at the rear-view mirrors on both sides. If you're not sure, stop and look clearly. Many roads are just paved by excavators, so the car is easy to sink.
用一檔起步(這時候可以把罐子停下,一檔大油門時罐子會轉得很快,車子會更不穩定),緩慢而勻速的行駛,倒車路線盡量直線,若要反復打 倒車時,方向盤不要打死或打太過,在松軟路面容易憋熄火,轟大油門倒出時,車速過快,撞到東西。
Start in first gear (you can stop the can at this time, and the can will turn very fast when the first gear is high throttle, and the car will be more unstable). Drive slowly and evenly, and reverse the car as straight as possible. If you want to knock down the car repeatedly, don't hit the steering wheel too hard or too much. It's easy to hold the fire on the soft road. When the throttle is high, the car will run too fast and hit something.
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